Philadelphia 76ers, American expert basketball crew situated in Philadelphia. The establishment has won three National Basketball Association (NBA) titles (1955, 1967, and 1983) and has progressed to the NBA finals on nine events. Regularly alluded to just as the Sixers, the group is the most seasoned establishment in the NBA and is named for the 1776 marking of the Declaration of Independence in Philadelphia.
The group was established in 1939 in Syracuse, New York, as the Nationals yet maybe was otherwise called essentially the Nats. The Nationals initially were a free group, unaffiliated with any expert basketball association, however in 1946 they joined the National Basketball League (NBL). In 1949 the NBL converged with the Basketball Association of America to shape the NBA, and the Nationals lost the debut NBA finals to the Minneapolis Lakers. After another finals misfortune in 1954, the establishment won its first title the accompanying season, behind the outstanding play of forward-focus Dolph Schayes.
Notwithstanding never missing the postseason in their 14 years in the NBA, the Nationals were not a gainful group, and in 1963 they were sold, moved to Philadelphia (which the Warriors had relinquished for San Francisco in 1962), and renamed. Halfway through the 1964–65 season, the 76ers exchanged for focus Wilt Chamberlain—potentially the most overwhelming basketball player ever. During the 1966–67 season, driven by Chamberlain and a solid supporting list that included watchman Hal Greer and forward Billy Cunningham, the 76ers posted the then-best ordinary season record allied history (68–13; outperformed five years after the fact by the Los Angeles Lakers, which was thusly bested by the 1995–96 Chicago Bulls) and won their second NBA title. The 76ers' mentor, Alex Hannum, left the group after the 1967–68 season to work nearer to his family on the West Coast, and a troubled Chamberlain requested an exchange. He was sent to the Lakers in the off-season, and the group neglected to progress past the first round of the postseason in every one of the following three seasons.
The Sixers' descending winding proceeded through the early 1970s, and they achieved a memorable low when they completed the 1972–73 season with a record of 9–73. After an arrival to the play-offs and another first-round exit in 1976, the Sixers chose to spend their way back to decency, paying $3 million to the New York Nets of the American Basketball Association to gain Julius ("Dr. J") Erving before the 1976–77 season. In his first year, Erving drove the 76ers to the NBA finals, where they would lose to the Portland Trail Blazers in six diversions. The Sixers qualified for the play-offs in every one of Erving's 11 years in Philadelphia, which included three additional treks to the NBA finals. The most noteworthy of these postseason compartments occurred after the 1982–83 standard season. That Sixers group was overpowering to the point that middle Moses Malone ensured an undefeated postseason keep running before the play-offs started. Philadelphia nearly satisfied Malone's intense articulation, losing just one make off appearance on the way to catching the group's third NBA title.
In 1984 the 76ers drafted forward Charles Barkley, who turned into the substance of the group in the wake of Erving and Malone left Philadelphia later in the decade. An outstanding individual entertainer, Barkley neglected to lead the 76ers profound into the postseason during his time in Philadelphia, and—after his exchange to the Phoenix Suns in 1992—the Sixers entered remaking mode.
Philadelphia encountered a group record seven-year play-off dry season from the 1991–92 season to the 1997–98 season, yet the play of youthful hotshot Allen Iverson surprised the alliance and resuscitated the establishment. Iverson drove the 76ers to the 2001 finals, however the establishment lost to the Lakers for a fifth time in the NBA's title arrangement. Iverson was exchanged away 2006, and the 76ers entered the 2010s amidst a time of predominately normal play, frequently completing their seasons with winning rates around .500. In 2011–12 a youthful 76ers squad completed the lockout-abbreviated normal season with a 35–31 record to acquire the eighth and last Eastern Conference play-off spot. Philadelphia at that point turned into the fifth eighth seed in NBA history to agitate a top seed when the group crushed the Chicago Bulls in six diversions. The group neglected to profit by its play-off energy the accompanying season and came back to its then-ongoing pattern of ordinary play.
The Sixers procured Sam Hinkie as general administrator during the 2013 off-season, and he organized an extreme reconstructing plan. As opposed to attempt to handle the most ideal group each season, he concentrated on a long haul technique that saw the group get various draft picks in exchanges and draft harmed players who might not promptly improve the 76ers but rather who could demonstrate to be takes once they recuperated. Hinkie's peculiar methodology prompted Philadelphia's getting to be one of the most exceedingly awful groups in the alliance, as prove in the squad's tying the NBA record for continuous misfortunes (26) during the 2013–14 season. After three straight periods of unavoidable losses—including a 10–72 record in 2015–16—Hinkie left the group, and the 76ers started an increasingly customary reconstructing program. In any case, Hinke's arrangement at last demonstrated productive, as in 2017–18 a Sixers lineup highlighting youthful stars Joel Embiid and Ben Simmons won 24 a bigger number of diversions than the group had in the past season to meet all requirements for the play-offs, which finished in a moment round misfortune.